In his book The Human Side of Enterprise, Douglas McGregor proposed 2 contrasting theories on employee motivation. He proposed 2 theories, X and Y.
Theory X assumes that people;
- Dislike work and will avoid if they potential can,
- need to be controlled and or threaten before they will actually work hard,
- Don’t want any responsibility for tasking and would rather be directed,
- They want to feel secure.
McGregor said that in Theory X people only work to satisfy physiological ans safety needs for money ans security. In this theory the role of the manager is to ensure that the employee has structured work and is sufficiently incentivised to continue with the work.
McGregor pointed out that when one or all of those motivators the employee is no longer motivated to do anything.
In Theory Y on the other hand treats employees like adults.
Theory Y assumes that;
- Employees want to actually work
- Can organise their work and head for organisational objectives,
- Will get committed because their needs re being met,
- Accepts responsibilities and actively seeks feedback,
- Can work autonomously to solve workplace issues.
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Dame Ellen MacArthur
What do you learn when you sail around the world on your own? When solo sailor Ellen MacArthur circled the globe – carrying everything she needed with her – she came back with new insight into the way the world works, as a place of interlocking cycles and finite resources, where the decisions we make today affect what’s left for tomorrow. She proposes a bold new way to see the world’s economic systems: not as linear, but as circular, where everything comes around.
Click TED Talk
Rana el Kaliouby (Computer scientist)
Our emotions influence every aspect of our lives — how we learn, how we communicate, how we make decisions. Yet they’re absent from our digital lives; the devices and apps we interact with have no way of knowing how we feel. Scientist Rana el Kaliouby aims to change that. She demos a powerful new technology that reads your facial expressions and matches them to corresponding emotions. This “emotion engine” has big implications, she says, and could change not just how we interact with machines — but with each other.
Click TED Talk
Twitter gives a voice to the voiceless, a way to speak up and hit back at perceived injustice. But sometimes, says Jon Ronson, things go too far. In a jaw-dropping story of how one un-funny tweet ruined a woman’s life and career, Ronson shows how online commenters can end up behaving like a baying mob — and says it’s time to rethink how we interact online.
Click TED Talk
Most people want to feel that their life has meaning, has meant something and had made a difference. I guess in some way a feeling significance. For some of us its a life long search for others its obvious and relatively painless. There are many different ways to getting to your purpose. Below are some questions you may consider when navigating to your purpose.
Answering some basic questions could get you to the point of uncovering your purpose. Here are some questions that could help.
- When you were a child, what did you like doing? (Think about the pass-times, activities, games, hobbies that you like doing)
- Think about the things that you use to lose yourself in, where you lost track of time.
- Who are the people that inspired you or inspire you? What is it about them that you liked?
- What did you love, that you found hard to drag yourself away from? What did you give you?
- What are you good at?, what do people say about you when they describe you?, what are you known for?
- How do you want to be spoken about or remembered?
- What do you value the most? eg achievement, happiness, courage, passion, integrity, friendship, honesty, success etc Put them in order, these will drive your behaviour and you decision making process. Your values are a bit like a vision mission statement of an organisation they drive behaviours and decision making. eg Does taking this action get me close to the value of happiness or does it take me further away.
- Where can your skills be utilised? Think about the possibilities.
- When that fear and anxiety creeps up, you know you’ve hit something. (you internal voice will say things like, I couldn’t, I’m too old, too young, its to hard, too easy etc) Explore it.
Remember its a process, if somethings comes up take action immediately. Momentum is everything. Taking incremental steps is critical for long term success.
Here’s a video made by